Listed under the category of popular indoor plants, Areca Palm is an excellent choice to beautify your interior. This exotic palm tree can brighten up the room with its greenish and shady feature.
If you are interested in having one for your own home, look at the following guide on Areca Palm care. Other important things that you need to know when taking care of this beautiful tropical tree are also available below.
1. About Areca Palm
Areca Palm is a flowering plant that belongs to the Arecaceae family. The plant is native to Madagascar and South India. In its natural habitat, the plant can reach the maximum height of 25 feet. However, in a medium-size inside a pot or container, the average height of this plant is only around 6-8 feet.
Even though Areca Palm belongs to the family of palm trees, its appearance has some resemblances of a bamboo plant. The arching fronds of Areca Palm have soft and feathery features, just like bamboo frond.
Each frond of Areca Palm contains 40-60 leaflets. The arching fronds that face upward in multiple reeds or stems earn the plant a nickname, that is, the Butterfly Palm.
2. Some Varieties of Areca Palm
Besides the Butterfly Palm (Dypsis lutescens) which is mainly discussed in this article, there are two other varieties of Areca Palm that are not less popular: the betel nut palm (Areca catechu) and the triangle palm (Dypsis decaryi).
Betel nut palms are largely found in the area of tropical Pacific, including Micronesia and Melanesia. This type of palm is characterized by its fleshy and fibrous layers, both outside and inside.
Meanwhile, as the name suggests, the triangle palm is formed by arranged fronds in the shape of a triangle. Similar to Areca Palm, the triangle palm is also native to Madagascar.
3. Growing Areca Palm Indoor
Here are some important things that you need to know regarding the growth pattern of Areca Palm as an indoor plant.
Requirements to Grow
Just like any other palm trees, Areca Palm prefers tropical climate. The plant is sensitive to low temperatures, so you need to keep it above the temperature of 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Pay attention as well to the light arrangement if you want to grow Areca Palm indoor.
This type of palm needs bright light, but you should prevent it from having too much sunlight. The best place to put Areca Palm is near the window that faces west or south direction.
Areca Palm propagation can also be done at home. To do so, choose older seeds that are orange in color since they can provide better germination. Plant the Areca Palm seeds in the depth soil with a high level of humidity. Under the best conditions, the germination process will take about six weeks.
On average, Areca Palm growth rate increases around 6-10 inches per year. The plant will continue to grow until it reaches the maximum height of 6-8 feet at its mature state. With intensive care and a little trimming now and then, the tall and full-grown Areca Palm can reach its lifespan to 10 years.
During its lifespan, the plant needs to be repotted every two or three years. The soil needs to be replaced as well.
Areca Palm is offered at a relatively high price once it reaches its full-grown state. For this reason, purchasing Areca Palm in a small pot is preferable if you want to choose it as a houseplant.
4. A Guide on Areca Palm Care
When taking care of Areca Palm, make sure to water the plant as much as necessary. Frequent watering is needed in the spring and summer to keep the soil in a moist condition.
Conversely, in the fall and winter, the soil needs to be dried slightly. For that reason, you need to give a short interval within one or two days after watering the plant.
As additional care, Areca Palm fertilizer is better to be used in the spring. Choose a liquid houseplant fertilizer which is rich in micronutrients. Beneficial substances contained in such fertilizer will help your plant to get the best nutrients throughout the season.
Meanwhile, in the summer, you can level up the treatment by giving the fronds some micronutrient spray. However, avoid feeding your plant during fall and winter.
It has been mentioned earlier that every two or three years, Areca Palm should be moved to a new pot. Regarding this, here are some important things that should be kept in mind when you move the plant to another pot.
- Pick a new container with similar depth as the old one.
- When putting the plant on the new container, please don’t spread the roots out since they are quite delicate and easily broken.
- Fill the pot with a mix of old and new soil. If needed, you can add more soil and pack it tight around the roots by pressing it down.
5. Areca Palm’s Diseases
Some diseases faced by Areca Palm tree are types of fungus, including Ganoderma and Pink Rot. Ganoderma usually spreads around the soil, causing the leaves to turn yellow and bend or droop lower. Meanwhile, Pink Rot can cause the top part of the frond to turn brown.
The problem usually occurs when the soil moisture increases. You can prevent the plant from both fungi by providing good circulation on the container and keeping the soil dry.
Additionally, you should be aware of several harmful pests that threaten your Areca Palm. These include scale, aphids, mites, whitefly, and mealy bugs. Consider using the fertilizer or infestation which contains anti-toxic substances.
Now that you know some practical procedures of Areca Palm care, you can choose this palm tree to beautify the interior.
However, before visiting the nearest garden center to bring the plant home, be sure to prepare some initial requirements for the plant to grow. With good care and suitable place to grow, your Areca Palm will serve as an attractive feature that can brighten up your home.