How to Grow Beautiful Pink Jasmine [Jasminum polyanthum]
Jasmines may have small, simple white blooms, but they blanket your home with soft, unique fragrance, especially in the evening. Jasminum polyanthum is one of the most popular varieties in Europe and the US, although they originated from Myanmar and China.
Also known as pink jasmine, this plant has abundant blooms hanging from robust vines. Perfect if you want a unique jasmine fragrance to envelope the house.
1. Why Planting Pink Jasmine?
There are numerous jasmine plant types you can choose, both the shrub and vine types. However, if you want to have vine-type jasmine, pink jasmine is an ideal choice. The plant offers several positive qualities, such as pet-friendliness, fast growth, hardiness, and ability to endure light frost.
Pink jasmine got its name from the star-like, pinkish white flowers. These flowers are surrounded by unopened buds, which have a darker pink color. This appearance adds a unique touch to the otherwise humble-looking plant.
Since pink jasmine is a vine type, you can plant it inside or outside. It is also great to decorate gazebo, fence, trellis, or balcony railing.
Pink jasmine flower has a strong aroma, so it is perfect if you plant jasmine because of its natural fragrance. The blooms also attract butterflies and birds, adding a natural touch to your garden.
2. Requirements to Plant Pink Jasmine
Pink jasmine is evergreen and easy to grow. However, since it is fast-growing, it can grow to 25 feet long. You need to fulfill all the requirements for growing this jasmine type, which are:
Large growing space
Even with regular trimmings, pink jasmine requires a spacious growing plot. You can plant it on your balcony railing or fence. If you want to grow pink jasmine indoors, use a large pot with trellis to support the plant. If you plant more than one (especially outdoor), make sure each plant has 10 feet distance between each other.
Pink jasmine originated from sunny areas, so you need full sun to make the plant happy. It needs to get at least 5 to 6 hours of sun every day.
Pink jasmine loves loamy soil, with a loose texture and good irrigation. You can start the planting medium by mixing compost with organic soil. The standard pH level for this plant is between 6.1 and 7.8.
Trimming and pruning are important for vine plants like pink jasmine. They control the vine growth and help your plant looking fresh, even when the flowers are not coming.
Pink jasmine also requires enough water, especially during the early growth stage. However, it cannot tolerate overwatering.
3. Steps to Grow Pink Jasmine at Home
You can buy small jasmine plant from plant nursery or gardening supply store. The starter plant usually does not need support yet, so you can make proper arrangement for the planting process. Here are the steps to plant pink jasmine:
- Find perfect spot in your garden that gets full sun exposure.
- Check the pH and the condition of the soil. If the soil is not ideal, mix a little organic compost in it. You can add lime to increase pH level, or sulfur to lower it.
- Dig a hole with the same size as the original jasmine container, but twice as wide.
- Place the pink jasmine in the hole. Cover with soil (don’t pack it too tightly). Add a layer of mulch to prevent weed.
- Water until the soil is moist, but not flooded.
- Plant a trellis, stick, or other structure above it, and twirl the vine around it to “guide” the plant. If you plant it near a fence or balcony railing, twirl the vine around it to create beautiful jasmine vine.
Growing jasmine indoors require similar steps. You only need to prepare a large pot that can accommodate trellis for the vine. You can also use a hanging pot, but regular trimming is necessary to control the growth.
4. How to Care for Pink Jasmine
Pink jasmine plant care is easy because it is a hardy plant with a minimum pest problem. You may occasionally see aphids, especially during the early growth season. However, you can easily remove them with water spray. Horticultural oil or insecticidal soap is great to remove slightly more serious threats, such as spider mites and mealy bugs.
You need to water pink jasmine regularly and don’t wait until the soil looks dry or cracked. Don’t overflood the soil, and water on the soil instead of the plant to prevent mildew. The common rule is watering every two weeks, but you can adjust it with the season and temperature. For example, if the weather is dry or hot, water more often.
There is one exception regarding watering. You need to water more often during the first growth season of the plant. This is because your jasmine needs to establish its roots. You may water it once a week or as needed during this period.
Pink jasmine only needs occasional fertilizing. You can use organic fertilizer or compost once a year, especially at the end of winter or early spring.
5. How to Prune Pink Jasmine
Pink jasmine vine needs to be trimmed regularly because it can grow uncontrollably. Without pruning, your pink jasmine can also “collapse” under its own foliage weight, suffocating itself. Do one major pruning after flowering, and get rid the dead flowers, leaves, and stalks.
You can also prune the plant lightly throughout the year. Make sure that no vines grow uncontrollably. Getting rid dying parts can also make your jasmine stay robust every year. When the flowers start to wilt after flowering season, pruning can keep the plant’s appearance until the next blooming.
Pink jasmine is a special variety of its kind: robust, fragrant, and having beautiful flower clusters. The plant care is also easy, with less fuss over watering and soil requirements.
However, this plant grows fast and can even smother other plants in your garden. Therefore, regular pruning is the most important part in keeping pink jasmine.
Jasminum polyanthum is beautiful and fragrant vine jasmine with easy care. Make sure you follow all the proper care steps to keep this plant happy.