The Lily is a beautiful flower known for its beauty, grace, and sophistication.
With more than 100 species and 2,000 varieties, these stunning blooms have significant meaning and have inspired countless hybrids in the Lilium genus.
Often used in events such as weddings and funerals, they symbolize rebirth, purity, and royalty, among other meanings.
Popular types of lilies include Asiatic lilies, Oriental lilies, Easter lilies, trumpet lilies, and tiger lilies. Each type has unique features, colors, and symbolism.
From the purest white to the darkest garnet, lilies come in shades like pink, yellow, and orange. The meaning of flowers can also vary according to the color of the petals.
For example, white lilies are often associated with purity and rebirth, making them a popular wedding choice.
This post provides an in-depth look at the different types of lilies and their meanings, equipping readers with a deeper understanding and appreciation of the blooms of these fantastic flowers.
Whether beautifying a garden or adorning a special occasion, lilies offer elegance, diversity, and meaningful sentiments.
In this article, we'll cover
- Division 1: Asiatic Hybrids
- Division 2: Martagon Hybrids
- Division 3: Candidum Hybrids
- Division 4: American Hybrids
- Division 5: Longiflorum Hybrids
- Division 6: Trumpet and Aurelian Hybrids
- Division 7: Oriental Hybrids
- Division 8: Interdivisional Hybrids
- Division 9: Species Lilies
Division 1: Asiatic Hybrids
Asiatic Hybrids are known for their vibrant colors, compact growth habits, and early-blooming tendencies.
These lilies are generally easy to grow, making them an excellent choice for novice gardeners or those looking to add a touch of color to their gardens.
While Asiatic Hybrids are not typically fragrant, their striking appearance more than compensates for their lack of scent.
Lilium ‘Tiny Ghost’
Lilium ‘Tiny Ghost’ is an Asiatic Hybrid characterized by its deep purple petals and dark, almost black center.
This compact Lily is perfect for small gardens or containers and is known for its hardiness and long-lasting blooms.
The rich, dark color of ‘Tiny Ghost’ symbolizes mystery, power, and elegance, reflecting its striking appearance.
Lilium ‘Orange Pixie’
Lilium ‘Orange Pixie’ is an Asiatic Hybrid known for its bright orange blooms and compact growth.
This Lily is perfect for adding color to any garden or floral arrangement.
The vibrant orange color of ‘Orange Pixie’ represents energy, enthusiasm, and warmth, making it a cheerful addition to any space.
Lilium ‘Yelloween’ is a delightful Asiatic Hybrid with bright yellow flowers and a subtle, sweet fragrance.
This Lily is known for its cheerful color and easy-to-grow nature, making it a popular choice for adding a touch of sunshine to any garden or floral display.
The vibrant yellow color of ‘Yelloween’ represents happiness, friendship, and new beginnings, making it a perfect gift for friends and loved ones.
Lilium ‘Landini’ is an Asiatic Hybrid with striking, almost black flowers contrasting dramatically against its green foliage.
This Lily is known for its unique color and long-lasting blooms. It is famous for adding depth and intrigue to any garden or arrangement.
‘Landini’ ‘s deep, dark color symbolizes mystery, sophistication, and elegance, reflecting its captivating and unique appearance.
Lilium ‘Black Out’
Lilium ‘Black Out’ is an Asiatic Hybrid characterized by its dark red, almost black petals and contrasting yellow center.
This Lily is known for its bold appearance and easy-to-grow nature, making it a popular choice for gardens and floral displays.
‘Black Out’ ‘s deep, dark color symbolizes power, elegance, and mystery, reflecting its dramatic and eye-catching presence.
Division 2: Martagon Hybrids
Martagon Hybrids are known for their distinct, Turk’s-cap-shaped flowers, which feature recurved petals and a unique, nodding appearance.
These lilies are shade-tolerant and can naturalize well in woodland settings, making them an excellent choice for gardeners looking to add an elegant touch to shaded areas or natural landscapes.
Martagon Hybrids are generally tall, with slender stems and abundant small flowers.
Martagon Lily (Lilium martagon)
The Martagon Lily, or Lilium martagon, is a distinctive Species of Lily with clusters of small, nodding, Turk’s-cap-shaped flowers in various shades, including pink, purple, and white.
This Lily is known for its tolerance of shade and ability to naturalize in woodland settings, making it a popular choice for adding a touch of elegance to shaded areas and natural landscapes.
The graceful form and delicate colors of the Martagon Lily symbolize humility, tranquility, and harmony with nature.
Lilium ‘Arabian Night’
Lilium ‘Arabian Night’ is a Martagon Hybrid with deep maroon, almost black flowers that create a stunning visual contrast against its green foliage.
This Lily is known for its dramatic appearance and shade tolerance, making it an excellent choice for adding depth and intrigue to shaded gardens or natural landscapes.
The rich, dark color of ‘Arabian Night’ symbolizes mystery, sophistication, and elegance, reflecting its captivating and exotic appearance.
Division 3: Candidum Hybrids
Candidum Hybrids, also known as European Hybrids, are characterized by their elegant, trumpet-shaped flowers and delightful fragrance.
These lilies typically feature white or cream-colored blooms and are often associated with purity and innocence.
Candidum Hybrids prefer cooler climates and alkaline soils, making them famous for gardens in temperate regions.
Madonna Lily (Lilium candidum)
The Madonna Lily, or Lilium candidum, is a classic and elegant Candidum Hybrid known for its large, pure white trumpet-shaped flowers and sweet fragrance.
This Lily has been cultivated for centuries and is often associated with religious and historical events.
The pure white color of the Madonna Lily represents purity, innocence, and virtue, making it a popular choice for weddings and other ceremonies.
Lilium ‘June Fragrance’
Lilium ‘June Fragrance’ is a Candidum Hybrid featuring large, fragrant, creamy-white flowers with a delicate yellow throat.
This Lily is known for its strong and sweet scent, particularly prominent in June.
The subtle, creamy-white color of ‘June Fragrance’ symbolizes purity, innocence, and a gentle spirit, making it a popular choice for weddings, anniversaries, and other celebrations.
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Division 4: American Hybrids
American Hybrids encompass a diverse group of lilies native to North America, known for their natural beauty and ability to thrive in various habitats.
These lilies often feature unique shapes, such as the Turk’s-cap form, and can be found in various colors.
American Hybrids are appreciated for their adaptability, making them famous for gardens in different climates and conditions.
Turk’s-cap Lily (Lilium superbum)
The Turk’s-cap Lily, or Lilium superbum, is a striking American Hybrid characterized by its vibrant orange petals, speckled with dark spots, and its unique, recurved form.
This Lily is native to eastern North America. It is known for its adaptability, thriving in various habitats, from swamps to woodlands.
The vibrant orange color and intricate pattern of the Turk’s-cap Lily symbolize energy, passion, and creativity, reflecting its lively and captivating appearance.
Wood Lily (Lilium philadelphicum)
The Wood Lily, or Lilium philadelphicum, is an American Hybrid known for its bright orange or red flowers with dark speckles.
This Lily prefers well-drained soils and open woodlands, making it a popular choice for naturalizing in meadows or forest edges.
The bright colors and bold patterns of the Wood Lily represent enthusiasm, vibrancy, and a connection to the natural world.
Canada Lily (Lilium canadense)
The Canada Lily, or Lilium canadense, is an American Hybrid featuring nodding, bell-shaped flowers in shades of yellow, orange, or red, often adorned with dark speckles.
This Lily is native to eastern North America. It thrives in moist, well-drained soils, making it an excellent choice for woodland gardens or near water features.
The diverse colors and delicate form of the Canada Lily symbolize the beauty and variety found in nature and the adaptability and resilience of these stunning flowers.
Sierra Tiger Lily (Lilium parvum)
The Sierra Tiger Lily, or Lilium parvum, is an American Hybrid native to the western United States, known for its bright orange or yellow flowers with dark spots.
This Lily is often found in mountain meadows and prefers well-drained, slightly acidic soils.
The bold color and intricate pattern of the Sierra Tiger Lily represent courage, strength, and the fierce beauty of the natural world.
Division 5: Longiflorum Hybrids
Longiflorum Hybrids are renowned for their large, trumpet-shaped flowers, which are often fragrant and come in shades of white, cream, or pale yellow.
These lilies are typically associated with purity, innocence, and elegance.
Longiflorum Hybrids are often used as cut flowers or for special occasions due to their striking appearance and delightful scent.
Easter Lily (Lilium longiflorum)
The Easter Lily, or Lilium longiflorum, is a popular Longiflorum Hybrid known for its large, trumpet-shaped, pure white flowers and sweet fragrance.
This Lily is native to Japan and Taiwan. It has become a symbol of Easter, representing purity, innocence, and new beginnings.
The Easter Lily is often used in religious ceremonies and as a decorative element during Easter, signifying hope, renewal, and the triumph of life.
Lilium ‘White Heaven’
Lilium ‘White Heaven’ is a stunning Longiflorum Hybrid with large, trumpet-shaped, pure white flowers emitting a captivating fragrance.
This Lily is known for its elegant appearance and is often used as a cut flower for special occasions such as weddings and anniversaries.
The pure white color and sophisticated form of ‘White Heaven’ symbolize purity, elegance, and grace, making it famous for celebrating love, commitment, and life’s milestones.
Division 6: Trumpet and Aurelian Hybrids
Trumpet and Aurelian Hybrids are characterized by their large, trumpet-shaped flowers, which often produce a strong and pleasing fragrance.
These lilies come in various colors, including white, pink, yellow, and orange, and can reach impressive heights.
Trumpet and Aurelian Hybrids are valued for their dramatic appearance. They are often used as focal points in gardens or as cut flowers for special occasions.
Regal Lily (Lilium regale)
The Regal Lily, or Lilium regale, is a striking Trumpet Hybrid known for its large, trumpet-shaped flowers in a stunning combination of white, pink, and golden-yellow.
This Lily is native to western China and is highly valued for its strong fragrance and elegant appearance.
The diverse colors and regal form of the Regal Lily symbolize majesty, beauty, and grace, making it an excellent choice for special occasions and celebrations.
African Queen Trumpet Lily (Lilium ‘African Queen’)
The African Queen Trumpet Lily, or Lilium ‘African Queen,’ is a captivating Trumpet Hybrid with large, trumpet-shaped flowers in a warm, golden-orange hue.
This Lily is known for its sweet fragrance and impressive height. It is famous for garden focal points or as a cut flower for special events.
The bold color and stately form of the African Queen Trumpet Lily represent strength, courage, and the power of love and passion.
Lilium ‘Pink Perfection’
Lilium ‘Pink Perfection’ is an enchanting Trumpet Hybrid featuring large, trumpet-shaped flowers in a delicate shade of pink, often with a subtle golden-yellow throat.
This Lily is known for its sweet fragrance and elegant appearance, making it an ideal choice for weddings, anniversaries, and other romantic celebrations.
The soft pink color and graceful form of ‘Pink Perfection’ symbolize love, tenderness, and the beauty of heartfelt emotions.
Division 7: Oriental Hybrids
Oriental Hybrids are known for their large, showy flowers with a strong, sweet fragrance.
These lilies often feature vibrant colors and intricate patterns, making them famous for gardens and floral arrangements.
Oriental hybrids symbolize love, beauty, and elegance, often used for special occasions and romantic celebrations.
Stargazer Lily (Lilium ‘Stargazer’)
The Stargazer Lily, or Lilium ‘Stargazer,’ is a striking Oriental Hybrid featuring large, upward-facing flowers with deep pink petals, white edges, and distinctive dark spots.
This Lily is cherished for its intense fragrance and bold appearance.
The Stargazer Lily symbolizes ambition, success, and the fulfillment of dreams, making it a popular choice for graduation ceremonies, promotions, and other achievements.
Casablanca Lily (Lilium ‘Casablanca’)
The Casablanca Lily, or Lilium ‘Casablanca,’ is an elegant Oriental Hybrid known for its large, pure white flowers and sweet fragrance.
This Lily is often used in wedding bouquets and other romantic occasions, symbolizing purity, innocence, and the beauty of true love.
The Casablanca Lily’s timeless elegance makes it a popular choice for those who appreciate the classic beauty of lilies.
Lilium ‘Mona Lisa’
Lilium ‘Mona Lisa’ is a charming Oriental Hybrid with large, pink flowers with a white center and dark spots.
This Lily is known for its pleasant fragrance and graceful appearance.
The ‘Mona Lisa’ Lily symbolizes appreciation, admiration, and the recognition of beauty in all its forms, making it an excellent choice for expressing gratitude or celebrating the accomplishments of loved ones.
Lilium ‘Tom Pouce’
Lilium ‘Tom Pouce’ is a captivating Oriental Hybrid with large, fragrant flowers in a delightful combination of pale pink and creamy yellow.
This Lily’s unique coloration and elegant form make it a popular choice for gardens and floral arrangements.
The ‘Tom Pouce’ Lily represents warmth, friendship, and the joy of shared experiences, making it an ideal choice for celebrating meaningful connections and life’s special moments.
Division 8: Interdivisional Hybrids
Interdivisional Hybrids are created by crossing lilies from different divisions, resulting in unique combinations of characteristics from both parent plants.
These hybrids often exhibit improved vigor, a more comprehensive range of colors, and enhanced disease resistance.
Interdivisional Hybrids are famous for their distinctive appearances and adaptability to various growing conditions.
LA Hybrid Lily (Lilium longiflorum x asiatic)
The LA Hybrid Lily is a cross between Lilium longiflorum and Asiatic lilies, combining the best features of both parents.
These hybrids typically have large, upward-facing flowers with a wide range of colors and a light fragrance.
The LA Hybrid Lily represents a harmonious blend of characteristics and symbolizes unity, adaptability, and the beauty of diversity.
OT Hybrid Lily (Oriental-Trumpet Lily, also called Orienpet Lily)
The OT Hybrid Lily, or the Oriental-Trumpet or Orienpet Lily, is a cross between Oriental and Trumpet Hybrid lilies.
These hybrids are known for their large, fragrant flowers in bold colors and patterns.
The OT Hybrid Lily combines the elegance of the Oriental Lily with the dramatic form of the Trumpet Lily, symbolizing a perfect balance of beauty, strength, and grace.
LO Hybrid Lily (Longiflorum-Oriental Lily)
The LO Hybrid Lily is a cross between Longiflorum and Oriental lilies, resulting in a unique combination of traits from both parents.
These hybrids typically feature large, fragrant flowers in various shades of white, pink, and red.
The LO Hybrid Lily represents the fusion of classic beauty and modern elegance, symbolizing refinement, sophistication, and the timeless allure of the lily flower.
Division 9: Species Lilies
Species Lilies are the wild, naturally occurring lilies found around the world.
These lilies have not been hybridized and are the foundation for many of the hybrid lilies we know today.
Species Lilies are often sought after by gardeners for their unique beauty, natural elegance, and the authenticity they bring to a garden setting.
Tiger Lily (Lilium lancifolium)
The Tiger Lily, or Lilium lancifolium, is a stunning species of Lily with vibrant orange flowers covered in dark spots, resembling a tiger’s coat.
This hardy plant is native to Asia and can grow up to 4 feet tall.
In addition to its striking appearance, the Tiger Lily is known for its medicinal properties and symbolizes wealth, pride, and prosperity.
Leopard Lily (Lilium pardalinum)
The Leopard Lily, or Lilium pardalinum, is a North American native species with striking orange or red flowers adorned with dark spots, similar to a leopard’s coat.
This Lily prefers moist woodland environments and can reach heights of 4 to 6 feet.
The Leopard Lily symbolizes strength, adaptability, and the beauty of nature in its purest form.
Humboldt’s Lily (Lilium humboldtii)
Humboldt’s Lily, Lilium humboldtii, is a stunning species native to California and Baja California.
It features large, golden-orange flowers with maroon spots, creating a striking contrast.
This Lily can grow up to 6 feet tall and prefers a well-draining woodland environment.
Humboldt’s Lily represents resilience, natural beauty, and the spirit of exploration.
Chocolate Lily (Fritillaria camschatcensis)
The Chocolate Lily, or Fritillaria camschatcensis, is a unique species with dark purple to brown, bell-shaped flowers that emit a distinctive chocolate-like fragrance.
Native to northeastern Asia and northwestern North America, this Lily thrives in moist meadows and wooded areas.
The Chocolate Lily symbolizes mystery, sensuality, and the allure of nature’s fragrances.
Lilium pumilum (Coral Lily)
Lilium pumilum, also known as the Coral Lily, is a small yet stunning species native to China and Mongolia.
It features vibrant coral-red flowers with recurved petals and dark spots. This Lily prefers a sunny location with well-draining soil and grows up to 2 feet tall.
The Coral Lily represents passion, vitality, and the vibrant energy of nature.
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